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galois

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Nombre de messages : 87
Age : 27
Localisation : tata/sud-est de maroc
Date d'inscription : 16/10/2007

MessageSujet: pour les bachelier 2008   Lun 10 Mar 2008 - 7:09

بسم الله الرحمان الرحيم وصلى الله وسلم على خاتم النبيئين والمرسليين سيدنا محمد صلوات الله عليه
السلام عليكم أصدقائي الكرام- تحياتي لزوار قسم المناهج التعليمية

هدفنا الأسمى هو خلق جو من الاستفادة

Today my friends, i am going to explain a new lesson. And i hope that everyone will understand it easily. The lesson is "The Passive Voice



Please try to read what i say carefully. if you want to understand this lesson you have to know the 'To Be'. now

let us see the verb to be

In the present

Is /are

In the past

Was/ were

Present perfect

Has been/ have been

Past perfect

Had been



now, try to grasp what i am going to do

We can start with this easy example

* Ahmed reads short stories

We should ask ourselves a question: Ahmed reads WHAT???? now

Short stories

So we want to rewrite the sentence given in the passive voice

so this action is in the present, so we will use to be in the present. To be in the present is /is or Are

Because we have SHORT STORIES we have to use ARE

Also the verb is read, now we will need the past participale of this verb

now we can say

Short stories are read by Ali

Now, i will give an other example

* They listen to slow music

So this action is the present. now we have to use TO BE in the present

We should ask ourselves, they listen to What?

Slow music (is singular) so we will put IS when we want to rewite the sentence given in the passive

now we can say

Slow music is listened (by them) .

Listened is the past participal of the verb TO LISTEN



Now, we are going to see some examples in the past

First, when we have an action in the past and we want to rewrite it in the passive form, we have to use To Be in the past. for example

Salma did the exercise

Now we will put The exercise. the action is in the past. we have to use To be in the past. it WAS/WERE. because The exercise is singular we have to use Was

Now we can say

The exercise was done by Salma

Done is the past participal of the verb given in the exapmle (did)

Let us a second exaple to clarify this

*William Shakespeare wrote terrific poems

We will start with TERRIFIC POEMS

The action is the past, so we have to use To Be in the past

now we can say

Terrific Poems were written (by W.S





بالنسبة للتلاميد اللدين لم يستوعبوا بعد فلا يفقدون الأمل فما زلت أشرح وبالتالي حاولواالتتبع



Now, we will see some examples in the present perfect and past perfect

Please try to look carefully

* Mohammed the sixth has visited Rabat

Because the action is the present perfect, we have to use the verb to be in the present perfect too

Now, we can say

Rabat has been visited by Mohammed the sixth

Rabat is singular, so this is the reason why we used Has been

and Visited is the past participal of the verb Visit

Look carefully, i will give a second example

*Kamal has watched war films

So, we are going to start with War Films

War Films are plural, so we have to put Have been

Now we can say,

War fims have been watched by Kamal

Now look at this last example in the past perfect

* They had bought a computer

The action is in the past perfect, so we have to put the verb to be in the past perfect

A computer had been bought (by them

Bought is the past participal of Buy



But when we have a verb given with ING

please try to look carefully, you may find some difficulties

now i will give some examples

for example

He is playing a soccer match

so the action is in the present progressive

so we can say easily

A soccer match is being played by him

so IS is the verb to be in the present. and because we have the verb given followed by Ing we used Being. and Played is the past participal of the verb PLAY



Now look at this sentence

The action is in the past progressive

* Fatima was reading a newspaper

So because the action is in the past, we have to use To Be in the past. and because we have the verb To Read followed by Ing we have to put Being. and the past participal of Read is Read

So we can say

A newspaper was being read by Fatima

(By Fatima is optional







Look at this example carefully. Going to+ verb

He is going to organize a party

So we can say

A party is going to be organized (by him



look at this second example

He is going to do two exercises

now we can say

Two exercises are going to be done (by him

We used Are because we have Two exercises (they are plural







Now, be carefully

we will use the models

the models are (will+ can+may+must+can't+have to....

Look at these examples. they are easy enough to be understood



* Students must do the homework

Now we can say

The homework must be done by students

We put the model given in the sentense+ be in the infinitive+ the past participal of the verb given

The second example

Ali may find a solution

Now we can say

A solution may be found by Ali

An other example

He has to send the letters

We can say

The letters have to be sent (by him

We used HAVE because we the letters and it's plural

I hope that everyone will understand this lesson



Exercise

Rewrite these sentences as indicated

1- Eveyone must respect the law

2- My mother was cooking lunch

3- Fatima is going to start her business

4-He should play sport

5- Adil has got good marks

6- He was seeking a job

7- People shouldn't consider women as inferior to men

8- Oprah Winfrey will open a new morning talk show on MBC TV channel

9- English people still keep Princess Diana in mind

10- My sister cleaned the house by herself



Good luck
man9ol li2ifada
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n89

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Date d'inscription : 17/10/2006

MessageSujet: Re: pour les bachelier 2008   Lun 10 Mar 2008 - 12:47

merci

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pour les serieux !!!
on vous repondra sur tous sorte de question Laughing
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noufel007

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Date d'inscription : 06/07/2007

MessageSujet: Re: pour les bachelier 2008   Lun 17 Mar 2008 - 16:41

merci !
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galois

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Nombre de messages : 87
Age : 27
Localisation : tata/sud-est de maroc
Date d'inscription : 16/10/2007

MessageSujet: Re: pour les bachelier 2008   Lun 31 Mar 2008 - 6:34

po de koi mes amis Smile
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